Canada is a country that always welcomes new immigrants no matter whether they are students, skilled workers, trade workers, business entrepreneurs, and Syrian refugees. Before express entry, the Canadian government was working on a “first come-first served” basis which was very slow in regards to processing time and was taking more than one and a half years to process one application.
Express entry fastens up the whole immigration process which results in the successful processing of an application that takes 6-8 months, sometimes less than 6 months as well.
It is a completely online system which handles 3 programs for permanent residency:
In this guide I am going to explain these topics :
- About the Express Entry System
- How does Express Entry work in Canada?
- Express Entry Eligibility
- What is CRS?
- Express Entry’s latest cut-off score 2023
- Express Entry Tie-breaking rule
- Express Entry profile validity
- Express Entry to Canada PR Cost
- Required documents list after getting ITA
- Express Entry Abbreviations List
So, without taking much time let’s get started.
What is the Express Entry System?
Express Entry is a new form of immigration process that works on a draw system based on (the Comprehensive Ranking System) which is called CRS.
Express Entry was first introduced in January 2015 and the first draw took place on 31st January 2015 with a CRS (Comprehensive Ranking System) cut-off of 886 and 779 invitations were issued which was the highest cutoff score ever in the history of express entry.
The lowest CRS cutoff till now is 512 took place on 14th September 2022, with a 3250 invitation issued.
An interesting fact over here is, that most draw takes place on Wednesday after 2 weeks. Different draws take place for federal skilled trade and worker programs.
How Express Entry Works and How to Check If You’re Eligible?
To get eligible for Express Entry, it is necessary to meet the minimum criteria to be accepted in the express entry pool.
The minimum points are 67 which depends upon a person’s Language Skills, Education, Work experience, Age, Job offer, and adaptability.
Calculate your minimum score requirements here: Six selection factors – Federal Skilled Worker Program (Express Entry)
Before entering in express entry pool, make sure you have enough funds to settle in Canada which is called settlement funds or Proof of Funds. The amount of settlement funds depends upon the number of family members.
Check the list here: Proof of funds – Skilled immigrants (Express Entry)
What is CRS?
CRS (Comprehensive Ranking System) is a way to choose candidates from the express entry pool. CRS itself is a combination of various factors:
- Language proficiency
- Educational level
- Work experience
- Job offer
- Spouse factors
which makes a total score of the candidate. The total points come out to 1200 points. 600 points are awarded to the candidate who has the nomination from any province. 50 points are given to candidates who have job offers from a Canadian employer. Earlier these points were also 600 but now reduced to 50 points.
Calculate your CRS score here (official site): Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) tool: skilled immigrants (Express Entry)
How to Check the Latest Express Entry CRS Cut-off Score?
Get updated with the latest express entry rounds.
As of August 15, 2023, here are the latest CRS score stats and the highest number of candidates in the Express Entry pool.
Here is how you can check the full latest CRS Cut off scores and updated stats (official website): Express Entry rounds of invitations
Latest Express Entry Draw August 15, 2023 – Highlights
|Total Invitations Issued||4300|
|CRS Cut-Off Score||496|
|Express Entry Last Round Date||August 15, 2023, at 14:23:51 UTC|
|Tie-breaking rule Date||August 01, 2023 at 12:59:52 UTC|
Now let’s check which CRS score range as of August 15, 2023, has the highest number of Candidates to date:
|[CRS Score Range]||[Highest No. of Candidates]|
Canada has planned to welcome around 430,000 Immigrants by 2023 via different immigration and PNP programs.
There are various Province Nominee Programs (PNP) that also accept candidates below 400 CRS points. These PNPs work on the basis of Expression of interest (EOI).
Province Nominee Program (PNP) List :
- Alberta AINP
- British Columbia BC PNP
- Manitoba MPNP
- New Brunswick NB PNP
- Newfound Land and Labrador NLPNP
- Northwest Territories NTNP
- Nova Scotia NSNP
- Ontario OINP
- Prince Edward Island PEI PNP
- Saskatchewan SINP
- Yukon YNP
|Read Also: How to Apply WES (ECA) For Canada Express Entry?|
What is the Tie-breaking Rule in Express Entry? (Explained)
Invitation To Apply (ITA) issued follows the Tie-breaking rule. The tie-breaking rule in express entry applies when two or more candidates exist in the pool with the SAME cut-off CRS points.
Let’s take this as an example, let’s suppose CRS cut-off points are 470, and the draw-out date is Feb 19th, 2020.
Candidate “A” has 478 points and he/she has been in the pool since January 28, 2016, at 20:40:56 UTC.
“B” has 470 points since January 11, 2017, at 11:32:01 UTC
“C” has 470 points since January 13, 2020, at 10:51:50 UTC
“D” has 470 points since January 13, 2020, at 10:52:53 UTC
“E” has 470 points since January 13, 2020, at 10:52:54 UTC
Now, IRCC declared a Tie-breaking rule: January 13, 2020, at 10:52:52 UTC.
Candidate “A” will not be affected because he/she has higher CRS points than the cut-off and will definitely receive an ITA.
Candidate “B”, “C”, “D” and Candidate “E” has the same CRS points with different date/TIME of arrival in the pool.
As the tie-breaker is January 13th Candidate “B” will receive ITA because his/her arrival date in the pool is prior to the tie-breaker date.
Candidate “C” will receive an ITA even if his/her arrival date is the same as the tie-breaker date but if you look at the TIME even if it’s a few seconds prior to the tie-breaker TIME, he/she will receive the ITA.
Candidates “D” and “E” will not receive an ITA even if their CRS points are the same 470 and even if their arrival date is the same as the tie-breaker date but their TIME is a few seconds ahead of the tie-breaker time.
Tie-breaking Rule Simplified (Example)
Tie-breaking rule: January 13, 2020, at 10:52:52 UTC
Draw Out: February 19th, 2020
|Candidate||CRS||EE Profile Submission
(Date and Time)
|A||478||January 28, 2016, at 20:40:56 UTC||Invited|
|B||470||January 11, 2017, at 11:32:01 UTC||Invited|
|C||470||January 13, 2020, at 10:51:50 UTC||Invited|
|D||470||January 13, 2020, at 10:52:53 UTC||Still in the pool|
|E||470||January 13, 2020, at 10:52:54 UTC||Still in the pool|
How long an Express Entry profile is valid?
An express entry profile is valid for one year once created and 60 days are given to complete and submit the profile once started to fill in details.
Once submitted, you are allowed to make only one change in your current express entry profile which is in the pool. After receiving an invitation to apply (ITA), the application should be submitted in 60 days.
|⚠ Note: You can also create your own express entry profile without anyone’s help. I did it myself, If I was able to do it on my own, you should do it as well. It will save you a lot of money.|
Latest Changes in Express Entry Draws 2023
Canada made big changes in the Express entry program. Canada introduces a new initiative to facilitate the immigration of skilled individuals with work experience in these main priority occupations (mentioned below), as permanent residents.
On May 31, 2023, Canada announced via news release, read the full story on the official website.
Express Entry to Canada PR Cost
Before proceeding with the list of required documents, I believe it is important to let you know about the actual complete cost of Canada PR via Express entry in 2021/2022.
Most people do not consider many of these fees and charges that I have explained in this video with the most updated information.
I would suggest you watch this video now or after reading the article so that you can have a clear insight and consider these actual costs and fees.
In this video I have explained :
➭ How much funds did I spend in total?
➭ How many funds does a single applicant or a family of 2 or a family of 3 require?
➭ From Funds Required to ECA, PNP Licenses / Certifications to Fees, Medicals/PCCs to Express Entry to Tickets Fees and much more.
Important List of Documents to Submit after Receiving an ITA
A personalized document list appears for every candidate but mostly following documents need to be submitted after receiving an ITA :
- Copy of Passport: Clear scanned copy of your password first page and last page.
- Educational Record (Diploma/Degrees, Transcript and ECA report)
- Marriage Certificate (If applicable)
- Employment Record of main applicant and spouse (if applicable) including experience certificate mentioning duties, working hours, and designation.
- Salary Slips (Bank account statements as well in which you were getting salary)
- Language Proficiency Tests Reports (IELTS)
- Digital Photo
- Police Clearance Certificate
- Proof of Medical Examination
- Proof of Funds
- Birth Certificate of Dependent Child (If applicable)
- Legal Name Change Document (If applicable)
- LOE: Letter Of Explanation (Optional: If you want to explain the details of your documents or want to give an explanation of anything specific)
- Bio-Metrics: You need to give bio-metrics when asked about post-ITA submission.
Biometrics is an examination of fingerprints and photos for identification purposes. This rule was started on July 31, 2018, for Africa, Europe, Middle East, and on December 31, 2018, for Asia, Asia-Pacific, and America.
There are various VACs (Visa Application Centers) and ASCs (Application Support Centers) worldwide where people can give their biometrics.
- Find your list here: Where to give your fingerprints and photo (biometrics)
The Canadian government wants to assure you about any of your health issues before entering Canada so that you must not be in a condition to harm their citizens. A medical examination needs to be done before the submission of an ITA.
Medical examination can only be done by a panel of physicians listed by the Canadian government.
- Select your Country or Territory: Find a Panel Physician here
List of Abbreviations Use in Canada Immigration & Express Entry Process
I am always trying to add more immigration acronyms used in Canadian immigration and keep it updated, just in case you know any of the abbreviations that got missed in the list, please mention down below in the comments.
Here’s the most updated list of Express Entry & Canada Immigration acronyms in full forms (Alphabetically Sorted):
ADR: Additional Document Request
ADIT Stamp: Alien Documentation, Identification and Telecommunication Stamp
AOR: Acknowledgement Of Receipt
AINP: Alberta Immigrant Nominee Program
ATIP: Access to Information and Privacy
AIPRP: Access to Information and Personal Information Request Service
AIPP: Atlantic Immigration Pilot Program
ASCs: Application Support Centres
BDEC: Background Decision
BC PNP: British Columbia Provisional Nominee Program
CAS: Client Application Status
CC: Credit Card
CELPIP: Canadian English Language Proficiency Index Program (IELTS Alternative)
CEC: Canadian Experience Class
CHC: Canadian High Commission
CIO: Centralized Intake Office (in Sydney, Nova Scotia)
CIU: Centralized Intake Unit
CLB: Canadian Language Benchmarks (English)
COE: Confirmation of Permanent Residence
COPR: Confirmation of Permanent Residency
CPCs: Case Processing Centres
CPC-E: Case Processing Centre in Edmonton, Alberta
CPC-O: Case Processing Centre in Ottawa, Ontario
CPC-M: Case Processing Centre Mississauga, Ontario
CPC-Sydney: Case Professing Centre Sydney, Nova Scotia
CRS: Comprehensive Ranking System
CIC: Citizenship and Immigration, Canada
DD: Demand Draft (Bank Draft / Certified Cheque / Money Order)
DIP: Decision in Progress
DLI: Designated Learning Institutions
E-Apps: Electronic Applications
ECA: Educational Credential Assessment
EE: Express Entry
EOI: Expression of Interest
EO: Employment Offer
ESL: English as a Second Language
eTA: Electronic Travel Authorization
FD: Fixed Deposit
FSW: Federal Skill Worker
FSL: French as a Second Language
FILE BF’D: File Brought Forward date
FOSS: Field Operations Support System
GCMS: Global Case Management System
GAC: Global Affairs Canada
IELTS: International English Language Testing System
IMM CAT: Immigration Category
IRCC: Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada
IRPR: Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations
ITA: Invitation To Apply
JD: Job Description
JAL: Job Approval Letter
LMIA: Labour Market Impact Assessment
LOE: Letter Of Explanation
LLA: Letter of Advice to Apply
M01-M07: Level of Medical Assessment
MEDDEC: Medical Decision
MI: Ministerial Instructions
MPNP: Manitoba Provincial Nominee Program
MR: Medical Request
NB PNP: New Brunswick Provincial Nominee Program
NCLC: Canadian Language Benchmarks (French)
NCR: No Criminal Record
NL PNP: Newfoundland and Labrador Provincial Nominee Program
NOC: National Occupation Clarification
NOI: Notification of Interest
NSNP: Nova Scotia Nominee Program
NTNP: Northwest Territories Nominee Program
OREQ: Other Requirement
OINP: Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program
OINP HCP: Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program Human Capital Priorities Stream/Ontario Express Entry Human Capital Priorities Stream
OSC: Operational Support Centre
PCC: Police Clearance Certificate
PEI: Preliminary Evaluation for Immigration
PEI PNP: Prince Edward Island Provisional Nominee Program
PER: Positive Eligibility Review
PGWP: Post-Graduation Work Permit Program
PNP: Province Nominee Program
POF: Proof Of Funds
POE/POEs: Ports of Entry
PPR: Passport Request
PR: Permanent Residency 🙂 (Hope you all will get it soon.)
PRTD: Permanent Resident Travel Document
PI: Principle immigrant
PPS: Point at the Paper Screening Stage
PSDEC: Paper Selection Decision
RBVO: Received by Visa Office
RPRF: Right of Permanent Residence Fees
SDS: Student Direct Stream
SEC CRIM: Security Criminal
SELDEC: Selection Decision
SINP: Saskatchewan Immigrant Nominee Program
SLU: Second Level Update
SS: This Spread Sheet
SW1: Skill Worker 1
TRV: Temporary Resident Visa
UCI: Unique Client Identifier
VO: Visa Office
VACs: Visa Application Centres
YNP: Yukon Nominee Program
Express Entry Process Guide 2023: Summary
If you are reading this post you must be really interested in moving to Canada. I tried my best to include all the Canadian immigration abbreviations terms and definitions in this list. Hope you found it helpful.
First, prepare yourself mentally for the Express entry process.
Calculate your score and check all the details mentioned above carefully.
Start collecting the documents one by one carefully. Make your checklist and start working on it. It’s a matter of patience and dedication.
You should make this your goal and build your willpower to achieve it.
I did the same and put my 100% into it and by the grace of God, I achieved it.
I tried my best to cover and explain all the important things listed. As I am not a professional in this field, I have gained all the knowledge from my own PR journey.
I wish all of you achieve your “MAPpLE Dreams/Canadian Dreams“.
Stay connected for more fantastic blog posts. Please do share it and subscribe below to my newsletter for upcoming really helpful blogs.